FAQ's

About Aquaponics (8)

This is really interesting.  The plant roots are actually flowing in a river of nutrient rich water in our grow beds in the aquaponic farms.  When we first plant the seeds, we place the seeds in a rockwool cube to support the sprout and seedling as it is getting established.  Once we move the seedling in the rockwool cube from the germinating rack to the grow beds on the farms, we place the rock wool cube in a reusable plastic net pot that holds the rockwool and seedling afloat on the foam rafts floating on top of the water in the grow beds.  Since a picture is worth a thousand words, you can see this in the photo below.

What a wonderful question.  After all, who would what to eat fish tasting veggies?  Yuk!  Definitely not.  Just like the veggies you buy at the super market don’t taste like cows, since cow manure is a very common soil fertilizer, our veggies don’t taste like fish.  The plants don’t actually consume fish waste.  The naturally occurring bacteria in our aquaponic systems feed on the yucky fish poop.  The bi-product of the bacteria is Nitrate, which is the very nectar that plants thrive on.  Rest assured, that the only taste you will notice in your aquaponically grown vegetables, is an even better veggie taste than the vegetables you’re used to.

Our aquaponic farms have varied in size as we develop and refine our systems.  Our current standard size is 50′ wide by 100′ long, with the shade structure reaching about 12′ high.  Our smallest one at a school is about 36′ wide by 90′ long and the fish shed and shade structure reaches 12′ tall.  The farm size can be tailored a bit in some circumstances.  Even with such a small foot print, our current standard sized aquaponic farm can produce about 8 to 12 tons of local clean produce per year.  That’s bout 100 tons per acre of aquaponic farming.

Very efficient is the simple answer to this question.  Our aquaponic farms use only about 3 to 5 gallons of water per day which is mostly taken up into the plants.  The vast majority of the water flowing through the farms is driven by gravity.  The total electric cost is about $67 per month, which we are working on converting more to solar.

We can.  To us, the fish are far more important while they are in our systems.  They are an essential part of our farms as they break down the organic material for the naturally occurring bacteria and plants.  However, at some point, the fish get too crowded or too big and when we don’t have a new farm coming online to move them to, we can and will eat the fish.  We have found that the healthier the fish, the more efficiently they breakdown the nutrients for the plants.  For this reason, our fish are living in a “Club Med” like environment.  Nothing is too good for our fish.  In the winter, it is often warmer in the fish tanks than in our own homes.

When it is time to harvest the fish, they are a very clean, flaky white fish that taste amazing.  We don’t harvest a ton of fish. However, if you are able to get some when they are available, you will likely be very impressed.

Currently we are raising Tilapia.  They handle our Florida weather well and are easy to maintain.  Not to mention, when raised in our healthy system, they are an amazingly flaky clean white fish that taste amazing.

We love this question.  The answer is that they are very good for our environment.  The following is a more detailed explanation of how:

SOIL – The produce in our aquaponic farms grows in water thereby allowing the soil to rest.  Much of Central Florida’s soil has been heavily farmed with citrus and other crops.  Much of the chemicals used in years past need time to break down and dissipate.  Additionally, as tree, plant and animal materials decompose and enter the soil, we will be ever so slowly rebuilding our soil quality for future responsible use.  We are very happy to be growing quality local produce while allowing our soil to rest.

Additionally, since our farms primarily use land that is otherwise maintained with traditional lawn services, we are little by little reducing the amount of carbon emissions and chemicals added to our soil.

WATER – There are experts that claim we may only have about 20 years of ground water that can be used for irrigation.  We hope that they are wrong, however we are excited to be extremely water conservation minded.  Our aquaponic farms recirculate the same water continuously, being very responsible with our limited ground water.  They use a small fraction of water compared to traditional farming.  Our farms use only about 5 gallons of water to grow 55 pounds of fresh produce.

AIR – Our farms don’t use tractors or machinery that produce emissions. As we convert more of our farms to solar we will be using even less coal generated electricity.  We continue to focus on more and more efficient practices that can improve our environmental impact.

FOOD PRODUCTION – We are pleased with how complete our food production is with zero waste.  The produce is grown specifically for local restaurants and residents and delivered promptly without long holding or transportation periods.  Plant scraps are fed to local animals and the rockwool the plants are seeded in is repurposed into landscaping.  As the fish density in a tank surpasses the ideal level, we harvest and eat them as they are an amazing quality fresh, clean, flaky white fish.  The fish carcasses are fed to insect farms or used in compost.  We like that nothing goes to waste.  Even the solid waste from the fish is processed into an organic soil fertilizer.

WASTE – We have a zero waste policy that we are proud to maintain as we grow.  Our water recirculates, our solid waste from the fish is converted into organic soil fertilizer, the produce is consumed, plant trimmings are fed to chickens, goats and pigs, the rockwool cubes are used in landscaping, and the fish carcasses are composted or fed to soldier flies for animal feed.

 

In both systems, hydroponics and aquaponics are both soilless growing systems.  In both systems the roots of the plants receive their nutrients directly from water without soil.  What most call growing in water.

Hydroponic growers add their nutrients directly to the water from bottles.  Some use organic nutrients while many use chemically derived nutrients or a combination. Hydroponic growers must constantly add nutrients and at higher levels because there is nothing else providing the nutrients.  Hydroponically grown produce speaks to the way in which the produce was grown.  Hydroponic growers are free to choose methods using petro-chemicals or organic.

Aquaponic systems use fish to provide a continuous supply of nutrients.  As the fish eat, they are breaking down their food into ammonia, minerals and solid waste.  After the solid waste is filtered out, naturally occurring bacteria consume the ammonia converting it into Nitrite and eventually into Nitrate which is what the plants need.  The only additions needed in an authentic aquaponic system may be additional minerals, depending on what produce is being grown in the system.

Beyond the presence of fish and bacteria providing the nutrients, aquaponic growers like Backyard Farm Express can’t use petro-chemicals like pesticides or artificial growth aids as the presence of these chemicals will kill the bacteria and possibly the fish, rendering the system dead.  Therefore, authentic aquaponic growers must grow organically, or clean, in order to maintain their healthy systems.

Both systems are fantastic ways to grow quality produce.  Authentic aquaponic systems have been shown to produce higher quality produce in which you can see and taste the difference.  At Backyard Farm Express, we applaude all who are growing clean produce locally, as Local, Clean, Picked Fresh produce is a huge health benefit to our community.

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About Nutrition (3)

We leave the root stalk on the lettuce, because we are committed to getting you produce with the highest nutrient level possible.  By leaving the root on, the lettuce is still living while in your refrigerator.  This results in high quality lettuce with the most nutrients for your health benefit as well as keeping the lettuce crisp and fresh longer.

Fruits and vegetables are living things, or at least they start off that way.  After they are cut from their source of life, they begin to die.  Respiration continues and enzyme activity begin.  In other words, the picked produce begins to use itself to live a bit longer, eventually resulting in what we call rotted food.  According to the Harvard Medical School Center for Health and the Global Environment, total vitamin C has been shown to be higher when the tomato is picked ripe from the vine.

University of California studies show that vegetables can lose 15 to 55 % of vitamin C, for instance, within a week. Some spinach can lose 90 % within the first 24 hours after harvest.  On average produce loses 30% of it’s nutrients in just three days and even 80% in as little a five days.  This is a problem since 80% of our produce in Central Florida travels 7 to 10 day from California and Central America.

Additionally, produce plants contain lectin which helps protect the fruit while it’s ripening on the plant.  When picked before a veggie is ripe, it has not yet stored up all the nutrients it should give you, it also still has too much lectin which people are finding to have sensitivities and intolerances to, which are often incorrectly diagnosed as other health issues.

To avoid the lectins in unripe picked produce, and to assure that you are getting the maximum amount of nutrition from your produce, eat local, grown clean and picked fresh produce.

We love this question because it opens up a huge topic of conversation, but we’ll try to keep this answer more to the point.  We can’t use about 99% of the traditional pesticide options available because these chemicals are unsafe for the precious bacteria and possibly the fish, that are hard at work in our farms.  It’s pretty simple, if it’s not safe for the fragile bacteria in our farms, then why should we consider it safe for us who have fragile bacteria in and on us that we depend on to stay alive.

Our farms are open air, which though does allow pests to enter, it also allows their natural predators to enter as well.  An example is once we see aphids appear, we soon see Lady Bugs show up who love eating aphids and so on.  When needed, we can even import beneficial insects like Lady Bugs, Lace Wings, or Parasitic Wasps to help us safely control damaging pests.  However, as much as we like this, it is frequently not quite enough to help us protect your amazing veggies.

Our mission is to grow foods that help your body heal and fortify itself.  Like in the Hippocratic Oath, our first objective is to do no harm.  In addition to protecting our bacteria and fish, we must make sure that anything we use is safe and ideally, even beneficial to your physical health.

There is a small collection of options that are both effective in helping us with pest management and are safe and/or even beneficial for us humans.  Below is a list of treatments that we use that are both safe for our bacteria and fish and more importantly, safe for us who eat the delicious produce.

DE Powder (Diatomaceous Earth)

Yep, this is similar to the stuff that you may use in your pool filter. Diatomaceous Earth is a naturally occurring, soft rock crumbled into a white powder.  Diatomaceous Earth consists of fossilized remains of microalgae.  We use a food grade version which is reported to provide health benefits like aiding in digestion, detoxification and immune function according to an article from Dr. Axe.   We use DE Powder to help our plants as it irritates pests with exoskeletons like veggie eating stink bugs, roaches and beetles.

Neem Oil

Neem Oil is an oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem evergreen tree.  It is has been used for hundreds of years in medicine as a natural approach to numerous health issues.  It’s commonly found in soaps, hair products and hand creams as well as being a very popular deterrent to unwanted pests in organic gardening.

Bacillus Thuringiensis

Bacillus Thuringiensis is a naturally occurring bacterium commonly found in our soil. Bacillus Thuringiensis also occurs naturally in the gut of caterpillars, moths and butterflies.  It’s most common use is as a safe organic pest control option in place of harmful pesticides.  The EPA has found Bacillus Thuringiensis to be non-toxic to humans with zero proven incidents of human ill effect according to a post siting the EPA from University of California San Diego.

Azadirachtin

Azadirachtin is a great option for safe, organic farm management.  It is ORMI Listed for certified organic use.  It’s primary ingredient is from Neem Oil and helps in keeping out a large variety of veggie eating pest and represents no risk to us humans eating the veggies.

 

We continue to research other safe, natural, organic methods of pest control, however we have found that our best defense is a strong offense.  The healthier our plants are, the less pest and disease issues we have to deal with.  However, even with the healthiest of plants, we are forever grateful that nature has provided us all we need to grow fantastic produce while supporting the health of our friends and the environment.

 

 

 

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About The Produce (7)

This is really interesting.  The plant roots are actually flowing in a river of nutrient rich water in our grow beds in the aquaponic farms.  When we first plant the seeds, we place the seeds in a rockwool cube to support the sprout and seedling as it is getting established.  Once we move the seedling in the rockwool cube from the germinating rack to the grow beds on the farms, we place the rock wool cube in a reusable plastic net pot that holds the rockwool and seedling afloat on the foam rafts floating on top of the water in the grow beds.  Since a picture is worth a thousand words, you can see this in the photo below.

We apologize for the long answer to your short question, however we feel the need to give you the complete truth and address the likely question behind the stated one.  Eating organic to avoid consuming chemicals and unnatural substances is a good and responsible practice.  Organic simply means naturally occurring.  Many undesirable things are organic, like snake venom, mold and cow poop.  Pertaining to vegetables, one must go through the difficult and costly process to have their produce certified as Organic.  There are many deceptive practices common within the organic certification process, including chemical pesticides approved to be used on certified organic food.

We have chosen to grow beyond the Certified Organic Label and “Grow Clean”.  Our motto is “Respect our Land, Respect our Food and Respect People.”  To us, this means no shortcuts – even when the public can’t see.

Being an authentic aquaponic grower, we can’t use chemicals on the plants since the chemical would get in the water and kill the fish and/or bacteria.  To accurately answer your question.  We do not use any petrol chemicals, pesticides, herbicides or genetically modified seeds or plants.  We grow in a practice that would satisfy and surpass the concerns of those who purchase Certified Organic.

The only things we add to the water are minerals such as Calcium, Iron and Potassium.  For the plants, we use beneficial insects to help with the veggie eating ones and the occasional diatomaceous earth, neem oil and other plant, animal and human supportive treatments.  Thank you for caring enough to ask this question and even more, to take the time to read this long answer.

Right? It could seem silly to need to wash veggies that have never had harmful chemicals applied to them.  However, let’s think of all the natural, organic things that your clean/organic veggies could come in contact with before you get them.

While veggies are growing in your own backyard, an organic farm or wherever, there are insects, rodents, birds and other animals around.  What do these bugs and animals do?  They eat and eliminate wherever they are.  This means that the healthiest and best kept veggies are likely to have bug poop on them in addition to dirt, dust, pollen and even pollution from the air.  Pollutants from fire places, brush fires, house fires, automobiles and factories all end up in the air and eventually find its way on to our veggies.  I know, sounds absolutely disgusting right?

From the field to the store, you don’t know who touched your veggies before you: did they sweat on them, sneeze on them, wash their hands or were they were sick?  Backyard Farm Express Staff are all educated and trained to use strict safety practices when working with your veggies to make sure that we are delivering you the safest produce possible.

The list of contaminants that can find it’s way onto our food is quite scary.  The amount that actually ends up on our food is often pretty low.  However, how would you feel knowing that the veggie you’re about to eat got a heavy dose of just one of these?  Yuk, is right.  For the same reason we take great care not to use harmful chemicals on your produce, you should wash your produce before eating it to make sure that you aren’t getting additional yuk.  Additionally, with veggies that taste this good, you don’t want anything interfering with the awesome experience your taste buds are about to have.

So… Wash-em Up!

We leave the root stalk on the lettuce, because we are committed to getting you produce with the highest nutrient level possible.  By leaving the root on, the lettuce is still living while in your refrigerator.  This results in high quality lettuce with the most nutrients for your health benefit as well as keeping the lettuce crisp and fresh longer.

We love this question because it opens up a huge topic of conversation, but we’ll try to keep this answer more to the point.  We can’t use about 99% of the traditional pesticide options available because these chemicals are unsafe for the precious bacteria and possibly the fish, that are hard at work in our farms.  It’s pretty simple, if it’s not safe for the fragile bacteria in our farms, then why should we consider it safe for us who have fragile bacteria in and on us that we depend on to stay alive.

Our farms are open air, which though does allow pests to enter, it also allows their natural predators to enter as well.  An example is once we see aphids appear, we soon see Lady Bugs show up who love eating aphids and so on.  When needed, we can even import beneficial insects like Lady Bugs, Lace Wings, or Parasitic Wasps to help us safely control damaging pests.  However, as much as we like this, it is frequently not quite enough to help us protect your amazing veggies.

Our mission is to grow foods that help your body heal and fortify itself.  Like in the Hippocratic Oath, our first objective is to do no harm.  In addition to protecting our bacteria and fish, we must make sure that anything we use is safe and ideally, even beneficial to your physical health.

There is a small collection of options that are both effective in helping us with pest management and are safe and/or even beneficial for us humans.  Below is a list of treatments that we use that are both safe for our bacteria and fish and more importantly, safe for us who eat the delicious produce.

DE Powder (Diatomaceous Earth)

Yep, this is similar to the stuff that you may use in your pool filter. Diatomaceous Earth is a naturally occurring, soft rock crumbled into a white powder.  Diatomaceous Earth consists of fossilized remains of microalgae.  We use a food grade version which is reported to provide health benefits like aiding in digestion, detoxification and immune function according to an article from Dr. Axe.   We use DE Powder to help our plants as it irritates pests with exoskeletons like veggie eating stink bugs, roaches and beetles.

Neem Oil

Neem Oil is an oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem evergreen tree.  It is has been used for hundreds of years in medicine as a natural approach to numerous health issues.  It’s commonly found in soaps, hair products and hand creams as well as being a very popular deterrent to unwanted pests in organic gardening.

Bacillus Thuringiensis

Bacillus Thuringiensis is a naturally occurring bacterium commonly found in our soil. Bacillus Thuringiensis also occurs naturally in the gut of caterpillars, moths and butterflies.  It’s most common use is as a safe organic pest control option in place of harmful pesticides.  The EPA has found Bacillus Thuringiensis to be non-toxic to humans with zero proven incidents of human ill effect according to a post siting the EPA from University of California San Diego.

Azadirachtin

Azadirachtin is a great option for safe, organic farm management.  It is ORMI Listed for certified organic use.  It’s primary ingredient is from Neem Oil and helps in keeping out a large variety of veggie eating pest and represents no risk to us humans eating the veggies.

 

We continue to research other safe, natural, organic methods of pest control, however we have found that our best defense is a strong offense.  The healthier our plants are, the less pest and disease issues we have to deal with.  However, even with the healthiest of plants, we are forever grateful that nature has provided us all we need to grow fantastic produce while supporting the health of our friends and the environment.

 

 

 

What a wonderful question.  After all, who would what to eat fish tasting veggies?  Yuk!  Definitely not.  Just like the veggies you buy at the super market don’t taste like cows, since cow manure is a very common soil fertilizer, our veggies don’t taste like fish.  The plants don’t actually consume fish waste.  The naturally occurring bacteria in our aquaponic systems feed on the yucky fish poop.  The bi-product of the bacteria is Nitrate, which is the very nectar that plants thrive on.  Rest assured, that the only taste you will notice in your aquaponically grown vegetables, is an even better veggie taste than the vegetables you’re used to.

In both systems, hydroponics and aquaponics are both soilless growing systems.  In both systems the roots of the plants receive their nutrients directly from water without soil.  What most call growing in water.

Hydroponic growers add their nutrients directly to the water from bottles.  Some use organic nutrients while many use chemically derived nutrients or a combination. Hydroponic growers must constantly add nutrients and at higher levels because there is nothing else providing the nutrients.  Hydroponically grown produce speaks to the way in which the produce was grown.  Hydroponic growers are free to choose methods using petro-chemicals or organic.

Aquaponic systems use fish to provide a continuous supply of nutrients.  As the fish eat, they are breaking down their food into ammonia, minerals and solid waste.  After the solid waste is filtered out, naturally occurring bacteria consume the ammonia converting it into Nitrite and eventually into Nitrate which is what the plants need.  The only additions needed in an authentic aquaponic system may be additional minerals, depending on what produce is being grown in the system.

Beyond the presence of fish and bacteria providing the nutrients, aquaponic growers like Backyard Farm Express can’t use petro-chemicals like pesticides or artificial growth aids as the presence of these chemicals will kill the bacteria and possibly the fish, rendering the system dead.  Therefore, authentic aquaponic growers must grow organically, or clean, in order to maintain their healthy systems.

Both systems are fantastic ways to grow quality produce.  Authentic aquaponic systems have been shown to produce higher quality produce in which you can see and taste the difference.  At Backyard Farm Express, we applaude all who are growing clean produce locally, as Local, Clean, Picked Fresh produce is a huge health benefit to our community.

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About The Farms (6)

We love this question because it opens up a huge topic of conversation, but we’ll try to keep this answer more to the point.  We can’t use about 99% of the traditional pesticide options available because these chemicals are unsafe for the precious bacteria and possibly the fish, that are hard at work in our farms.  It’s pretty simple, if it’s not safe for the fragile bacteria in our farms, then why should we consider it safe for us who have fragile bacteria in and on us that we depend on to stay alive.

Our farms are open air, which though does allow pests to enter, it also allows their natural predators to enter as well.  An example is once we see aphids appear, we soon see Lady Bugs show up who love eating aphids and so on.  When needed, we can even import beneficial insects like Lady Bugs, Lace Wings, or Parasitic Wasps to help us safely control damaging pests.  However, as much as we like this, it is frequently not quite enough to help us protect your amazing veggies.

Our mission is to grow foods that help your body heal and fortify itself.  Like in the Hippocratic Oath, our first objective is to do no harm.  In addition to protecting our bacteria and fish, we must make sure that anything we use is safe and ideally, even beneficial to your physical health.

There is a small collection of options that are both effective in helping us with pest management and are safe and/or even beneficial for us humans.  Below is a list of treatments that we use that are both safe for our bacteria and fish and more importantly, safe for us who eat the delicious produce.

DE Powder (Diatomaceous Earth)

Yep, this is similar to the stuff that you may use in your pool filter. Diatomaceous Earth is a naturally occurring, soft rock crumbled into a white powder.  Diatomaceous Earth consists of fossilized remains of microalgae.  We use a food grade version which is reported to provide health benefits like aiding in digestion, detoxification and immune function according to an article from Dr. Axe.   We use DE Powder to help our plants as it irritates pests with exoskeletons like veggie eating stink bugs, roaches and beetles.

Neem Oil

Neem Oil is an oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the Neem evergreen tree.  It is has been used for hundreds of years in medicine as a natural approach to numerous health issues.  It’s commonly found in soaps, hair products and hand creams as well as being a very popular deterrent to unwanted pests in organic gardening.

Bacillus Thuringiensis

Bacillus Thuringiensis is a naturally occurring bacterium commonly found in our soil. Bacillus Thuringiensis also occurs naturally in the gut of caterpillars, moths and butterflies.  It’s most common use is as a safe organic pest control option in place of harmful pesticides.  The EPA has found Bacillus Thuringiensis to be non-toxic to humans with zero proven incidents of human ill effect according to a post siting the EPA from University of California San Diego.

Azadirachtin

Azadirachtin is a great option for safe, organic farm management.  It is ORMI Listed for certified organic use.  It’s primary ingredient is from Neem Oil and helps in keeping out a large variety of veggie eating pest and represents no risk to us humans eating the veggies.

 

We continue to research other safe, natural, organic methods of pest control, however we have found that our best defense is a strong offense.  The healthier our plants are, the less pest and disease issues we have to deal with.  However, even with the healthiest of plants, we are forever grateful that nature has provided us all we need to grow fantastic produce while supporting the health of our friends and the environment.

 

 

 

Our aquaponic farms have varied in size as we develop and refine our systems.  Our current standard size is 50′ wide by 100′ long, with the shade structure reaching about 12′ high.  Our smallest one at a school is about 36′ wide by 90′ long and the fish shed and shade structure reaches 12′ tall.  The farm size can be tailored a bit in some circumstances.  Even with such a small foot print, our current standard sized aquaponic farm can produce about 8 to 12 tons of local clean produce per year.  That’s bout 100 tons per acre of aquaponic farming.

Very efficient is the simple answer to this question.  Our aquaponic farms use only about 3 to 5 gallons of water per day which is mostly taken up into the plants.  The vast majority of the water flowing through the farms is driven by gravity.  The total electric cost is about $67 per month, which we are working on converting more to solar.

We can.  To us, the fish are far more important while they are in our systems.  They are an essential part of our farms as they break down the organic material for the naturally occurring bacteria and plants.  However, at some point, the fish get too crowded or too big and when we don’t have a new farm coming online to move them to, we can and will eat the fish.  We have found that the healthier the fish, the more efficiently they breakdown the nutrients for the plants.  For this reason, our fish are living in a “Club Med” like environment.  Nothing is too good for our fish.  In the winter, it is often warmer in the fish tanks than in our own homes.

When it is time to harvest the fish, they are a very clean, flaky white fish that taste amazing.  We don’t harvest a ton of fish. However, if you are able to get some when they are available, you will likely be very impressed.

Currently we are raising Tilapia.  They handle our Florida weather well and are easy to maintain.  Not to mention, when raised in our healthy system, they are an amazingly flaky clean white fish that taste amazing.

We love this question.  The answer is that they are very good for our environment.  The following is a more detailed explanation of how:

SOIL – The produce in our aquaponic farms grows in water thereby allowing the soil to rest.  Much of Central Florida’s soil has been heavily farmed with citrus and other crops.  Much of the chemicals used in years past need time to break down and dissipate.  Additionally, as tree, plant and animal materials decompose and enter the soil, we will be ever so slowly rebuilding our soil quality for future responsible use.  We are very happy to be growing quality local produce while allowing our soil to rest.

Additionally, since our farms primarily use land that is otherwise maintained with traditional lawn services, we are little by little reducing the amount of carbon emissions and chemicals added to our soil.

WATER – There are experts that claim we may only have about 20 years of ground water that can be used for irrigation.  We hope that they are wrong, however we are excited to be extremely water conservation minded.  Our aquaponic farms recirculate the same water continuously, being very responsible with our limited ground water.  They use a small fraction of water compared to traditional farming.  Our farms use only about 5 gallons of water to grow 55 pounds of fresh produce.

AIR – Our farms don’t use tractors or machinery that produce emissions. As we convert more of our farms to solar we will be using even less coal generated electricity.  We continue to focus on more and more efficient practices that can improve our environmental impact.

FOOD PRODUCTION – We are pleased with how complete our food production is with zero waste.  The produce is grown specifically for local restaurants and residents and delivered promptly without long holding or transportation periods.  Plant scraps are fed to local animals and the rockwool the plants are seeded in is repurposed into landscaping.  As the fish density in a tank surpasses the ideal level, we harvest and eat them as they are an amazing quality fresh, clean, flaky white fish.  The fish carcasses are fed to insect farms or used in compost.  We like that nothing goes to waste.  Even the solid waste from the fish is processed into an organic soil fertilizer.

WASTE – We have a zero waste policy that we are proud to maintain as we grow.  Our water recirculates, our solid waste from the fish is converted into organic soil fertilizer, the produce is consumed, plant trimmings are fed to chickens, goats and pigs, the rockwool cubes are used in landscaping, and the fish carcasses are composted or fed to soldier flies for animal feed.

 

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